Intro Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Section 5
Section 6
Section 7
Section 8
Section 9
Section 10
Section 11
Jan-May 1947
Section 12
May-Nov 1947
Section 13
Dec 1947-April 1948
Section 14
Evacuation 1948
Stand Down
July 1948

Pages in Section 10

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The Palmach and the Night of the Bridges

i. Givat Hayim

ii. Ramat Gan

iii. Night of the Bridges

iv. Attack on Railway Workshops

v. OP Agatha

vi. Bombing of the king David Hotel

vii. Operation Shark

13th Century Damia BridgeRivers and wadis separated Palestine from neighbouring countries. Numerous bridges connected Palestine to Lebanon,Syria, Egypt and Transjordan by road and rail. Some bridges were centuries old, some very modern. The painting on the left depicts the 13th century Damia bridge across the river Jordan in the 19th century.

On the night of the 16th to the 17th of June 1946 the Palmach succeeded in blowing up seven road bridges and two railway bridges, effectively cutting Palestine off from contact with the outside world. This was their major contribution to the United Jewish Resistance.

Preparations for the huge project started early with the Palmach platoons scheduled to carry out the operation, reconnoitering the area around their allotted target, taking photographs and working out possible access and escape paths.

To camouflage the real purpose of their operations, confuse the British, and allow platoon members to escape more easily, the Palmach simultaneously carried out around 50 diversionary operations throughout the country.

Most platoons succeeded in destroying their targets and in escaping to safety even when they came under fire.

Only one attempt ended in tragedy and without the whole task accomplished. Nehemiah Schein's platoon had been detailed to blow up two bridges, one road and one rail, over the Nahal Kziv. The police discovered the platoon while it was sneaking toward the bridges. During the ensuing shoot-out some explosives blew up, destroying the railway bridge and killing 13 Palmach members. The remnants of Schein's platoon avoided capture by taking refuge in a cave near Kibbutz Hanitas. The road bridge remained intact.

Bombed Yarmouk Bridge Allenby Bridge after being destroyed

The railway bridge over the Yarmouk River.
It was never repaired.

Allenby Bridge after its destruction.
It was speedily rebuilt

Next- Irgun's Attack on the Railway Workshop     

Text - Copyright British Palestine Police Association